solo exhibition, gallery factory 2013,seoul

400 years in 4 minutes


solo exhibition, kunstdoc gallery 2013, seoul

Siting Cinema


solo exhibition,christine park gallery, 2015, london

Nebula Rising


Group Exhibition, Ilmin museum of art, 2014, seoul

Total Recall


Group exhibition, Sema Blue, Seoul Museum of Art, 2014, Seoul

Malfunction Library


Group Exhibition, Audio visual Pavilion, 2015, Seoul


Film is an extended medium of either 16mm or 35mm diameters in width. Each film has a specific weight, thickness and length that depends on its duration. To measure the mass and volume of film, we can use gallons (gal), kilograms (kg), milligrams (mg), grams (g), and litres (l). Measurements of filmic material are technological realities but do not necessarily define what we call the cinematic; we only need a projector to see (like mammals) that which has been growing every day on para-filmic material since the 13th century, as Hollis Frampton briefly wrote in For a Metahistory of Film (1971). It is not only the celluloid but many materials that pass through the projector, however. The perforations used for transporting and steadying the images are a clue to show that this is film material.

The Nebula Rising series is about tensile strengths of base and thickness of emulsion of film material. In the history of artisanal cinema we increasingly find meaningful practices like the Schmelzdahin group in Germany; erosion and permeation of chemical agents such as potassium and sodium produce a relentless archaeological and alchemical object of visual reference. The visual textbook is profound; we can see cracked and reticulated patterns, separations and concretions like mud cracks and salt lakes, and old handmade paper from mulberry trees. But this is just one element of the massive undertaking of making film (though I do not wish to mystify the universal image of the filmmaker). It is however, more like the science of dust, the rule of all time-consuming acts, which I cannot stop pursuing.

Filmmakers and archivists convert the thickness, length and weight of film into time. Through filmmaking and archiving a feeling for film’s physical substance develops, time-conscious becomes tangible; observing the material is the same as watching the clock. As per Gilbert Simondon’s text, Du Mode D'existence des Objets Techniques (1958), the enslavement of labour(ers) through repetitive practice has contributed in making the manipulation of material and shape in natural accordance more ambiguous. Repeated futile efforts and the chain reaction of experience through time meet in an antiphonal action whereby material and shape become transparent. The abstracted images revealed despite the velocity of the chemical agents are residual of the labourer’s experience. - Hangjun Lee, February 2015